Canoe Slalom is an exciting adrenaline-fueled sport, where paddlers have to negotiate their way down a 300m white water rapid. A course should be between 250 and 400m long, at least 40cm deep and have a stream velocity of at least 2m/sec (=7.2km/h). Usually these conditions are not taken so seriously, so there are also competitions on nearly still standing waters or even in swimming pools.
There are three different disciplines:
1) Kayak Single (men and women category)
2) Canoe Single (men and women category)
3) Canoe Double (men category)
In addition, there are team competitions (except in the Olympics), where three boats of the same discipline run the course at the same time.
Modelled on slalom skiing, the first Canoe Slalom competition was held in Switzerland in 1932. The sport was staged on flat water during its early days, but was later switched to white water rapids. Since becoming a permanent part of the Olympic programme in 1992 in Barcelona, the sport has thrilled spectators at the Games with spectacular, non-stop action on the powerful water.
Currently, Canoe Slalom is the newest developing kayaking sport in Singapore. The game is played the same as in whitewater. However, the objective is to negotiate a course on flat water without fault, in the shortest possible time. The course is defined by gates that are suspended over the water.